ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF WASTEWATER ON SOIL AND GROUNDWATER AT THE TENTH OF RAMADAN CITY AREA, EGYPT

  • Abdul-Rahman Embaby

Abstract

The Tenth of Ramadan City isone of the large industrialsettlements that emerged in the lastthree decades. The wastewater fromboth industrial effluents and domesticsewage is drained into threeincompletely lined oxidation ponds.Water overflow from these ponds isdischarged to Wadi El-Watan. These effluents accumulate in low landsand directly used for irrigation of new reclaimed areas.This study is concerned withthe environmental impact ofwastewater on soil and groundwaterat the Tenth of Ramadan City;emphasis is devoted to the pollution from the oxidation ponds. Differentsamples of soil, surface water and groundwater are analyzed for the majorconstituents and Cu++, Fe++, Mn++, and Zn++. This study also discusses thehydrogeological conditions in the Tenth of Ramadan City.The wastewater in the oxidation ponds is polluted by Fe++andMn++. The soil cover is highly polluted by Fe++, Mn++, and Zn++. Theinfiltration of polluted wastewater tothe aquifers is evident. Withoutprotective measures the groundwater aquifers might be severely affectedby pollutants due to rapid increase inindustrial activities and associatedresident population growth.
Published
2014-03-04
How to Cite
EMBABY, Abdul-Rahman. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF WASTEWATER ON SOIL AND GROUNDWATER AT THE TENTH OF RAMADAN CITY AREA, EGYPT. Damietta University Publications, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 5, mar. 2014. Available at: <http://publication.du.edu.eg/journal/ojs302design/index.php/uni/article/view/465>. Date accessed: 19 july 2024.